Saturday, August 1, 2009


Allah states in Surah At Taubah verse 103 :

" Verily ! Your solahs are a source of security for them, and Allah is All- Hearer, All Knower."

Solah is defined as :

Specific words and actions that begins with "takbiratul ihram" and ends with the "salaam".

It is a gift to Muslims from Allah, a form of prayer that includes a number of Rakaah (praying during standing, bowing, prostrating and sitting) whilst facing the Qiblah (Direction towards the Ka'abah in Makkah, Arabia).

Salaah is performed in a specific manner, read in Arabic and includes recitations of the Holy Quran and words of that praise, gratify and glorify Allah - The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful.

Five salaah are (Fardh) obligatory and are the second pillar of Islaam, and compulsory upon every Muslims that fulfils the following requirement :

1. Mukallaf ( reached the age of pubescence ).

2. Sane

3. Free from menstruation ( haid ) and post child-birth ( nifas ).

These Solah are determined by its time period and cannot be performed before or after its pre-determined time.

These timings were taught by Angel Gabriel to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) after the occasion of Israk and Mi'raj.

1. Fajar (2 Raka'ats)

The time of Fajar starts from the break of dawn ( fajar sadiq ) till the sunrise.

2. Zuhur (4 Raka'ats)

The time of Zuhur starts when the sun passes its median to the West. During this time, the shadow of each object starts elongating towards the East.The time for Zuhur continues till the length of the shadow is the same as the object itself.

3. 'Asar (4 Raka'ats)

The time of 'Asar starts when the shadow of each object equals its own height. It continues till sunset.

4. Maghrib (3 Raka'ats)

The time for Maghrib starts from sunset and continues till the redness of the clouds ( syafak ahmar ) dissappears.

5. 'Isyak (4 Raka'ats)

The time for 'Isyak starts when the redness of the clouds clears and continues till the break of dawn.

Allah Almighty knows best.


It was reported in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was asked by a Bedouin Arab about the obligatory Solah and he answered :

5 solahs in the day and night.

The Bedouin asked again : Anything more imposed on me ?

The Prophet answered : No, unless you want to perform the voluntary ones.


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